One of the newest treatment possibilities for prostate cancer today is Cryotherapy. Also known as cryosurgery in some medical circles, it is a method whereby extremely low temperatures are utilized to eliminate abnormal, cancerous cells in the body. While it was only first used to treat benign buy dihydrocodeine 30mg growth located on skin, it can now be utilized for prostate cancer. Cryotherapy is a minimally invasive medical technique that many hospitals are now utilizing because it is a better alternative than a prostatectomy whereby the prostate is removed. While Cryotherapy utilized in the past caused higher possibilities of long term side effects in the past when compared to other treatments for prostate cancer, through technology advances in this field, the side effects are greatly reduced.
Cryotherapy freezes the tissue located inside the prostate gland. Once the tissue is frozen, the cancer cells in the prostate wither and die. A medical professional may advocate Cryotherapy as a viable option for prostate cancer at various times throughout one’s cancer treatment. There are two reasons that a medical professional will recommend it. The first reason is that an individual has early state prostate cancer that is only located on the prostate and therefore it is very easy to freeze and destroy the cancer cells. The other reason to use Cryotherapy for prostate cancer is because other treatment options, like radiation therapy, have not worked.
While Cryotherapy for prostate cancer is minimally invasive, there are some side effects that men may experience with this treatment option. Some of these side effects include impotence and sexual dysfunction, frequent urination, swelling and pain around the penis and scrotum, painful urination or difficulty urinating, the presence of blood in urine, and urinary incontinence. In extremely rare occasions, Cryotherapy may cause damage to organs and tissues located in close proximity to the prostate gland, including the bladder or rectum.
If a man is about to undergo Cryotherapy for prostate cancer, there are some preparations they need to make first. Most likely, the man will have to do some kind of bowel preparation, such as an enema, to clean out the colon before the medical procedure. Most likely the man will also have to avoid drinking and eating for a time period prior to the procedure. This will prevent any possible complications associated with the anesthesia. However, men should not worry because the medical professional will go over all pre-surgery preparations ahead of time.
The procedure will be done in a hospital and patients will be administered general anesthesia. Once anesthesia is administered and the patient is unconscious, the doctor places the ultrasound probe in the rectum and a catheter in the penis to the bladder. The catheter is filled with a warm liquid to prevent the freezing of the urethra. Then a few thin metal rods are inserted between the anus and the scrotum to allow access to the prostate tissue. An argon gas is released into the rods to freeze the prostate tissue. The doctor monitors the rod temperatures and the freezing inside the prostate. This takes a total of around two to three hours.